The Energy Sustainability Index ranks countries in terms of their likely ability to provide sustainable energy policies through the three dimensions: Energy security (the effective management of primary energy supply from domestic and external sources, the reliability of energy infrastructure, and the ability of participating energy companies to meet current and future demand, Energy equity (the accessibility and affordability of energy supply across the population), and Environmental sustainability (the achievement of supply and demand-side energy efficiencies and the development of energy supply from renewable and other low-carbon sources).
Kazakhstan's ranking has risen, and the country has achieved significant successes in the energy security field, the report said.
In particular, the performance of energy security has been improved by reducing accidents, losses and compliance with the standards of various electricity norms. Kazakhstan has for the first time entered the top ten and ranked sixth among 129 countries, leaving behind the United Kingdom (11th), the United States (12th), China (18th), Switzerland (19th), Spain (22nd), Sweden (24th), Germany (31st), the United Arab Emirates (49th), and Georgia (106th).
Kazakhstan, a ‘Fossil-fuelled’ country, has strong energy security and energy equity rankings, and a very poor environmental sustainability performance, the report says. The country’s exceptional energy security gets better this year as transmission and distribution losses decline and Kazakhstan further diversifies its electricity generation portfolio away from fossil fuels to include more hydropower. Energy equity continues to be good, despite rising gasoline prices, as the perceived quality of the country’s very affordable electricity increases. While Kazakhstan’s performance on the environmental sustainability dimension still lags very far behind performance on the other two dimensions, improvements are made across the board in energy intensity, emission intensity, and CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Contextual indicators of political, societal, and economic strength all remain on the lower end of the spectrum, with the notable exception of the country’s robust macroeconomic stability. Political stability weakens considerably this year.
The Kazakhstan government together with the business sector, energy industry and industrial associations, has developed and implemented a clear energy strategy and well-defined energy policy that support the development of a sustainable energy system.
The report says that the most recent policy developments that are expected to improve Kazakhstan’s energy sustainability balance include: 1) strengthening state institutions responsible for energy efficiency in production, extraction and consumption of energy; 2) clear and comprehensive energy saving programs to reduce energy intensity of industry targets (reduce 10% by 2015 and 25% by 2020 compared to 2008); 3) the adoption of policies to support the development and inclusion of available renewable energy sources (RES) into the energy mix (electricity generated from RES should reach 1 billion kWh per year by 2014, almost 3 times the 2009 level); and 4) plans and programs to facilitate the modernization of existing power generation, power grids and oil refining installations.
The World Energy Council is a UN-accredited body bringing together energy sphere leaders and experts who promote affordable, stable and environmentally friendly energy systems.