Экономика

Нефтяные гиганты сворачивают миллиардные проекты

27 июля, 21:07 6900

Крупнейшие нефтяные компании заморозили новые проекты на $200 млрд из-за падения цен на нефть. Об этом свидетельствуют данные исследования консалтинговой компании Wood Mackenzie, пишет Financial Times. По их данным, среди компаний, заморозивших новые проекты, — британская BP, англо-голландская Royal Dutch Shell, базирующаяся в США Chevron, норвежская Statoil и австралийская Woodside Petroleum.

Более половины проектов связано с добычей нефти на большой глубине, в том числе в Мексиканском заливе и у западных берегов Африки. Технические требования к добыче сырья в таких условиях и инфляция привели к удорожанию этих проектов. Работа глубоководных буровых установок стоит сотни тысяч долларов в день, отмечает FT.
 
По мнению экспертов, компании надеются таким образом защитить дивиденды инвесторов. Издание отмечает, что падение цен на нефть, сопровождающееся спадом рынков меди, золота и другого сырья, толкает сырьевой индекс Bloomberg к шестилетнему минимуму, и все это происходит на фоне слабого роста китайской экономики и роста поставок во всех отраслях.
Падение цен на нефть с прошлого лета привело к задержке 46 крупных нефтяных и газовых проектов с объемом резервов 20 млрд баррелей нефтяного эквивалента — это, пишет издание, больше, чем все доказанные резервы Мексики.
В мае 2015 года консалтинговая компания Rystad Energy опубликовала исследование, согласно которому будут приостановлены нефтяные проекты на $118 млрд, однако новые данные показывают, что эта сумма значительно больше, отмечает издание.
24 июля цена на нефть впервые за четыре месяца опустилась ниже $55. На минимуме цена снизилась до $54,81, что стало самым низким показателем с 25 марта 2015 года. 27 июля котировки нефти опустились еще ниже, по состоянию на 12:58 мск фьючерсный контракт с поставкой в сентябре торговался на уровне $54,17 за баррель.

Источник: haqqin.az

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